商务英语之船务术语汇总
 
主要贸易术语:
(1)FCA (Free Carrier) 货交承运人
(2)FAS (Free Alongside Ship) 装运港船边交货
(3)FOB (Free on Board) 装运港船上交货
(4)CFR (Cost and Freight) 成本加运费
(5)CIF (Cost,Insurance and Freight) 成本、保险费加运费
(6)CPT (Carriage Paid To) 运费付至目的地
(7)CIP (Carriage and Insurance Paid To) 运费、保险费付至目的地
(8)DAF (Delivered At Frontier) 边境交货
(9)DES (Delivered Ex Ship) 目的港船上交货
(10)DEQ (Delivered Ex Quay) 目的港码头交货
(11)DDU (Delivered Duty Unpaid) 未完税交货
(12)DDP (Delivered Duty Paid) 完税后交货
主要船务术语简写:
(1)ORC (Origen Recevie Charges) 本地收货费用(广东省收取)
(2)THC (Terminal Handling Charges) 码头操作费(香港收取)
(3)BAF (Bunker Adjustment Factor) 燃油附加费
(4)CAF (Currency Adjustment Factor) 货币贬值附加费
(5)YAS (Yard Surcharges)码头附加费
(6)EPS (Equipment Position Surcharges) 设备位置附加费
(7)DDC (Destination Delivery Charges) 目的港交货费
(8)PSS (Peak Season Sucharges) 旺季附加费
(9)PCS (Port Congestion Surcharge) 港口拥挤附加费
(10)DOC (DOcument charges) 文件费
(11)O/F (Ocean Freight) 海运费
(12)B/L (Bill of Lading) 海运提单
(13)MB/L(Master Bill of Lading) 船东单
(14)MTD (Multimodal Transport Document) 多式联运单据
(15)L/C (Letter of Credit) 信用证
(16)C/O (Certificate of Origin) 产地证
(17)S/C (Sales Confirmation)销售确认书(Sales Contract) 销售合同
(18)S/O (Shipping Order)装货指示书
(19)W/T (Weight Ton)重量吨(即货物收费以重量计费)
(20)M/T (Measurement Ton)尺码吨(即货物收费以尺码计费)
(21)W/M(Weight or Measurement ton)即以重量吨或者尺码吨中从高收费
(22)CY (Container Yard) 集装箱(货柜)堆场
(23)FCL (Full Container Load) 整箱货
(24)LCL (Less than Container Load) 拼箱货(散货)
(25)CFS (Container Freight Station) 集装箱货运站
(26)TEU (Twenty-feet Equivalent Units) 20英尺换算单位(用来计算货柜量的多少)
(27)A/W (All Water)全水路(主要指由美国西岸中转至东岸或内陆点的货物的运输方式)
(28)MLB(Mini Land Bridge) 迷你大陆桥(主要指由美国西岸中转至东岸或内陆点的货物的运输方式)
(29)NVOCC(Non-Vessel Operating Common Carrier) 无船承运人
货运用语中英文对照:
货物 goods | | freight | | cargo
运输 transportation | | transit | | conveyance
运送 to transport | | to carry | | to convey
运输业 transportation business | | forwarding business | | carrying trade
运输代理人 a forwarding agent
承运人 a freight agent | | a carrier
船务代理人 a shipping agent
陆上运输 transportation by land
海上运输 transportation by sea
货物运输 goods traffic | | freight traffic | | carriage of freights | | carriage of goods
货轮 cargo boat | | freighter | | cargo steamer | | cargo carrier
火车 goods-train | | freight-train
卡车 goods-van | | goods wagon | | freight car | | truck
货运办公室 goods-office | | freight-department
运费率 freight | | freight rates | | goods rate
运费 carriage charges | | shipping expenses | | express charges
车费 cartage | | portage
运费预付 carriage prepaid | | carriage paid
运费到付 carriage forward | | freight collect
运费免除||免费 carriage free
协定运费 conference freight | | freight rate
运费清单 freight account
托运单 way-bill | | invoice
运送契约 contract for carriage
装运 shipment | | loading
装上货轮 to ship | | to load | | to take on a ship
装运费 shipping charges | | shipping commission
装运单||载货单 shipping invoice
装运单据 shipping documents
大副收据 mate’s receipt
装船单 shipping order
提货单 delivery order /td>
装船通知 shipping advice
包裹收据 parcel receipt
准装货单 shipping permit
租船契约 charter party
租船人 charterer
程租船||航次租赁 voyage charter
期租船 time charter
允许装卸时间 lay days | | laying days
工作日 working days
连续天数 running days | | consecutive days
滞期费 demurrage
滞期日数 demurrage days
速遣费 despatch money
空舱费 dead freight
退关 short shipment | | goods short shipped | | goods shut out | | shut-outs
赔偿保证书(信托收据) letter of indemnity | | trust receipt
装载 loading
卸货 unloading | | discharging | | landing
装运重量 shipping weight | | in-take-weight
卸货重量 landing weight
压舱 ballasting
压舱货 in ballast
舱单 manifest
船泊登记证书 ship’s certificate of registry
航海日记 ship’s log
船员名册 muster-roll
(船员,乘客)健康证明 bill of health
光票 clean bill
不清洁提单 foul bill
有疑问提单 suspected bill
 
 
 
 
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